Anatomy of a tax fight
December 15, 2017 by Dan Kelly
You can’t blame business owners for feeling like they’re being bombarded by government.
Increased EI premiums, new environmental levies, minimum wage hikes: announcements about new taxes and regulations became a common occurrence in 2017. But perhaps the most significant tax announcement of the year — maybe the most significant in decades — came in the dead of summer, when Finance Minister Bill Morneau introduced a series of proposals that would dramatically change the way small businesses in Canada are taxed.
As soon as the proposals were announced, the Canadian Federation of Independent Business (CFIB) began consulting tax professionals and surveying business owners to get an understanding of how these tax changes would affect small business owners and their families.
What we learned was quite alarming.
The proposals if implemented would have restricted small business owners from sharing income with family members, hiked taxes on some investments, and would have made it more difficult for entrepreneurial families to transfer their business to their sons and daughters.
And, contrary to the government messaging (which seemed to characterize small business owners as fat-cat tax cheats), we learned that these changes would have hurt the vast majority of middle-income business owners including those who earn as little as $50,000 in annual income.
Our biggest tax fight in decades
On behalf of our 109,000 members, CFIB sprang into action.
We fielded hundreds of calls, surveyed our members, launched alerts and petitions and helped share information through web posts, social media campaigns, webinars and hundreds of media interviews. Our advocacy teams met one-on-one with MPs, cabinet ministers and premiers from across the country ensuring that they all understood the ramifications of these proposals. And we presented our findings to both the House and Senate committees. My 400 staff at CFIB lived and breathed the file for months.
We also helped form a coalition of more than 75 business groups representing hundreds of thousands of small businesses across the country with one unified message: take these proposals off the table and, instead, work with the business community to address shortcomings in tax policy affecting private corporations.
The outcry by individual businesses was simply incredible. Business owners took direct action, including reaching out to their MPs, setting up special websites, expressing their outrage on social media and packing local meeting halls.
Following a hurried 75-day consultation period, the government retreated — at least partially.
Not only did they put aside their rhetoric about independent business owners being ‘tax cheats,’ they reinstated a 2015 election promise to reduce the small business corporate tax rate to 9 per cent. That promise, which had been abandoned in 2016, will help return hundreds of millions to small business owners.
The government also made some important changes to its original proposals. Most notably, it dropped provisions to limit the use of capital gains in business succession. It said it will allow small businesses up to $50,000 in annual income from passive investments (the equivalent of a 5 per cent return on a $1-million investment) and clarified some of the rules around sharing income with family members.
Are the changes enough? The short answer is no.
While the government has backed away from its original bluster, these are still new tax measures that will likely make it more difficult for business owners to grow their businesses.
Specifically, the $50,000 threshold for passive is still very low: barring any further concessions, larger passive investments will be largely taxed away, denying a growing business the resources it needs to expand or to buy that new piece of equipment needed to improve its productivity.
Also, the current provisions around sharing business income among family members involved in the firm are still worrisome. If the provision is passed, as is, it will be up to the Canada Revenue Agency to determine if the spouse or adult children made a “meaningful” contribution to the business.
We are still fighting for the government to release an impact assessment on all remaining tax changes and allow for an additional period of consultation with small business owners before making any changes.
What this tax fight has done is demonstrated to decision-makers that there is a growing sense — on the part of entrepreneurs — that governments don’t understand them or appreciate their contributions to the economy. This is significant.
The tax fight was also evidence that there is strength in numbers. What would the tax proposals look like today had we not pushed back?
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